Amnesty International called international community for urgent humanitarian assistance for the civilians fled the town of Sinjar following the attack (ISIS).
"The civilians trapped in the mountain area are not only at risk of being killed or abducted by ISIS; they are also suffering from a lack of water, food and medical care. They are in desperate need of humanitarian assistance," said Donatella Rovera, Amnesty International's Senior Crisis Response Adviser, who is currently in South Kurdistan.
Rovera urged the international community to "provide humanitarian assistance, while the Iraqi and Kurdish authorities must spare no effort to ensure that much-needed aid is delivered to the displaced civilians and that they are protected from further ISIS attacks on the ground."
Hundreds of missing civilians, mainly men but also women and children, are reported to have been killed or abducted by ISIS. Other civilian males who took up arms in an attempt to fend off ISIS attacks are also reported to have been captured and killed.
The Kurdistan Regional Government has also blocked displaced people from seeking refuge in some Iraqi Kurdistan cities under its control, such as Erbil and Dohuk.
"For one, the Kurdistan Regional Government must immediately allow displaced people unfettered access to all areas under its control and remove restrictions in Erbil, Dohuk and other areas where civilians may seek refuge" said Rovera.